It is a medical term for menstrual cramps that occur before or during the menstrual cycle in women.
There are two types- Primary and Secondary.
Primary Dysmenorrhea is the common menstrual cramp, where the pain is usually felt in the lower abdomen or back which start shortly before the onset of the menstrual cycle and continue 1-3 days.
Secondary Dysmenorrhea is pain caused by disturbances in a woman’s reproductive organs. These begin before the menstrual cycle and continue to last longer than the common menstrual cramps.

What causes it?
Stronger contractions in the uterus during the menstrual cycle.
Endometriosis- where the tissue lining the uterus is found outside.
Bacterial infection in the reproductive organs.
Tumors or Fibroids that grow within the walls of the uterus.

Aching pain in the abdomen.
Feeling of pressure in the abdomen.
Pain in the hips, lower back and inner thighs.

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